Family Business Matters 06/04 05:00
Legacy Beyond Land and Family
Having no heirs or children not returning to the farm doesn't mean an end to
DTN Farm Business Adviser
When we speak of a person's legacy in a family agricultural business, we
often speak either of assets or an enduring philosophy. Assets usually have to
do with land left to future generations, while a philosophy includes a set of
values passed on to younger family members. In many cases, it involves both:
The farm or ranch is passed right along with values such as stewardship,
independence or care for one's neighbor.
But, what happens when there are no heirs to receive the land or no children
to receive the senior generation's values? I believe the senior generation
still has something to offer, although the asset transition strategy is
different, and recipients of one's values include a broader group of people.
Consider the following scenarios.
GIVE IT AWAY
A brother and sister were the beneficiaries of their parents' and
grandparents' entrepreneurial efforts. But the brother and sister never married
or had children. So, they put the land in a trust (what today might be
considered a private foundation), and since the trust's inception, dozens of
organizations have received tens of millions of dollars generated by crops and
oil and gas production. Their values of education, conservation and care for
others have taken the form of financial support to those charitable
organizations who incorporate such values every day in the programs they offer.
Local farmers have also benefited from long-term rental arrangements associated
with keeping the land base intact.
REFRAME A SALE
In another case, a farmer and his wife left their land to their children,
but neither their children nor their grandchildren returned to the farm. The
land had been in the family for more than 100 years, and the family members
felt an emotional connection to the property. They also recognized they lived
far away, and they did not like the idea of being absentee landowners.
Meanwhile, a nearby neighbor, whose kids did return to the farm, needed a
larger asset base to make room for their children. When the first family began
to think of the next 100 years, they liked the idea of another local family
taking over the asset. Reframing the issue from "selling the family land" to
"creating a future for another 100 years" allowed the family to focus on an
inauguration instead of a dissolution.
KEEP IT GOING
One other scenario is the retiring farmer or rancher keeping the operation
going for the benefit of the employees.
In some cases, the land is given or sold to the employees. In other cases,
the land is held in a trust or foundation, but the operating business is left
intact by either being sold or gifted to those responsible for the farm. A
group of trustees (usually close friends or advisers) agrees to help the staff
navigate some of the business challenges and opportunities.
In this way, the business proceeds in a normal fashion with the values of
the owner still very much present, but the employees now have a chance to
experience aspects of business ownership.
Not having heirs or children return to the farm or ranch undoubtedly
presents some challenges. But the situation also offers a wonderful opportunity
to consider making a difference in the lives of many more people.
Theologian Walter Brueggemann, writing in his book "The Land," suggests that
land is where "important words have been spoken that have established identity,
defined vocations and envisioned destiny." Regardless of future property
ownership or family presence, your land and your core values have the power to
shape the life and destiny of others. With the right forethought and planning,
your legacy can endure.
Write Lance Woodbury at Family Business Matters, 2204 Lakeshore Dr., Suite
415, Birmingham, AL 35209, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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